The Red Tails Squadrons consisted of brave black pilots, mechanics and tecthnicians of World WarII who helped defeat NAZI Germany. They became know as the Tuskegee Airman. There are three different parts to the Tuskeegee Airmenfighter pilots, bomber pilots, and support group.
The Original Tuskegee Airmen served between 1941 and 1948. There are over over 14,000 names certified as Tuskegee Airmen.
Not all Tuskegee Airmen were pilots They had mechanics, instructors,etc.
In addition to the red tail P51s, the Tuskegee pilots flew P40, P39, P47 and the P51 Musta was Tuskegee.
The name Tuskegee came from Tuskegee Universty founded in 1881 by Booker T. Washington. In 1939, all black colleges were given money to pay for pilot training programs. One of the first was Tuskegee University.
Not everyone liked these programs. They fully expected the program to fail and titled the program the “Tuskegee Experiment.”
There was one influencial person who helped turn this kind of thinking around. It was Eleanor Roosevelt, the President’s wife. The staff was shocked when they learned that this wasn’t a walk around and back visit.
She wanted a black pilot to fly her around the sky. Her pilot was Charles Anderson. She asked him whether it was truly possible for blacks to fly.
He answered, “certainly we can” For the next 40 minutes, Roosevelt flew with Anderson.